This snowflake was made for one of Mary's grandsons, Landiss. After Mary ironed the shiny side of the precut pattern to the material, she applied 3-D paint all around the pattern (1/4 inch) as well as filling in the inner areas with paint. If paint other than 3-D is used, it must be heat set with a dry iron. This is a quick way to transfer the snowflake pattern to fabric for use as a child's quilt or to frame it and hang the snowflake on the wall. I asked Mary if the paint were difficult to needle, if one decided to needleturn the pattern. It is best to place the needle to the area just a thread or two beyond the paint, to avoid frustration. The 3-D paint does keep the fabric from fraying. Mary uses this concept a lot.